WPF Resource Page: The National Health Information Network Page
About the NHIN, World Privacy Forum testimony and Comments, NHIN resources, NHIN Timeline
What is the NHIN?
The National Health Information Network (NHIN) is an ambitious modernization plan proposed by the U.S. government. The idea is to move as an entire nation from paper medical files to electronic medical files that are shared. Specifically, the government goal is to digitize patients’ health records and medical files and create a national network to place the information in. The network, called the NHIN, would be a sophisticated network that hospitals, insurers, doctors, and others could potentially access. Such a network brings patient privacy, security, and confidentiality issues into sharp relief.
As of spring 2009, the development of the network is well underway. The official beginnings of the NHIN trace back to April 2004 when President Bush signed an Executive Order mandating that most Americans should have electronic medical files, or electronic health records (EHRs) within ten years. This order created a new Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology and also mandated the updating of the nation’s medical information systems, including networked systems. It is the mandate for networked systems in particular that underlies the creation of the NHIN. The Obama administration stimulus bill infused a great deal of money into healthcare IT, which includes a variety of NHIN projects. The bill also included language that made the National Coordinator position more of a permanent feature in the government.
It will be important for all individuals to pay attention to these plans as they develop and to give input into how the medical and patient “information modernization” should be accomplished. It is the World Privacy Forum’s goal to help ensure that Electronic Health Records, Personal Health Records, and the NHIN are built from the ground up with great attention to patient choice, privacy, security, and confidentiality. It is also the World Privacy Forum’s goal that risks resulting from medical identity theft, which are significant, be mitigated and planned for in any NHIN.
It is useful to see how the NHIN is developing over time. The World Privacy Forum has created a timeline that traces the key developments in this nationwide project and helps give a quick visual mapping of events. In December of 2008, the NHIN became least a partial reality as the active NHIN trials gave their reports.
A Chronology of the NHIN
See the World Privacy Forum’s NHIN timeline (most recent update February 2009).
World Privacy Forum Documents about the NHIN
May 3, 2006
Report about Medical Identity Theft and implications for NHIN.
November 1, 2005
Comments to HHS regarding maintaining patient choice and privacy in light of the coming NHIN and in light of the problems with medical identity theft.
TESTIMONY: Pam Dixon, before the National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics (NCVHS) Subcommittee on Privacy and Confidentiality
August 16, 2005
World Privacy Forum Testimony on the importance of patient choice, privacy, security and confidentiality in electronic medical records and the NHIN.
PUBLIC COMMENTS: Request for Information (RFI) concerning the proposed National Health Information Network (NHIN).
February 15, 2005
Joint Comments on the NHIN by the Electronic Frontier Foundation and World Privacy Forum. (Submitted to Health and Human Services January, 2005 in response to an RFI).
Other NHIN Resources
- Executive Order April 27, 2004 “Incentives for the Use of Health Information Technology and Establishing the Position of the National Health Information Technology Coordinator.” http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2004/04/20040427-4.html
- The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology NHIN page contains some foundational documents on the NHIN including the Request For Information (2004) and the summary of responses to the request. Over 500 organizations, including the World Privacy Forum, responded to the RFI with comments. http://www.os.dhhs.gov/healthit/nhin.html
- The general landing page for the Office of Health Information Technology is a prime resource for general issues regarding EHRs and the NHIN.
Other News about NHIN: (See also NHIN Timeline)
- (News after June 2006 is now maintained on the NHIN timeline)
- June 2006, the first NHIN forum is being held by HHS.
- May 2006, a series of contracts were approved laying the groundwork for the NHIN.
- November 2005, a series of pilot projects for the NHIN were approved and set in motion.
- In June 2005, an American Health Information Community was announced. The “community” is chartered with helping the transition from paper to electronic medical files.